7 Most Important Uses of Earthmoving Equipment

earthmoving equipment

Automatic lubrication systems are made to deliver lubricant in controlled amounts to various locations on machines while they’re in operation. This helps them to work smoothly and keep them in good condition. These systems are installed in many earth moving machines, which are hard working and high impact machines, moving large amounts of earth and other matter day in and day out.

Without these machines, a lot of very important work wouldn’t be possible, like construction, demolition and agriculture.

For a clear idea of just how useful these machines are (and how their efficient operation is imperative to all kinds of work), here are no less than 7 of the main uses of earthmoving equipment:

Lifting Heavy Loads

While there are strongmen achieving incredible feats of heavy lifting, generally speaking, people can only do so much when it comes to lifting heavy loads. To do it safely and efficiently over and over again, you’ll need a crane.

A crane is a large and tall piece of heavy equipment fitted with chains, wire rope or hoist rope; sheaves; and a bucket or rake. It’s used to move heavy loads, like tonnes of sand, debris and waste. Its most common applications are construction and demolition.


Excavation, or the process of digging out and removing earth to form a cavity or hole in the ground, is needed in construction, demolition, repair, elevating and agriculture work.

An excavator comes with a mechanical arm to which a bucket is fitted that’s used to scoop out earth, mud, small rocks or waste. It usually comes in 3 sizes: Mini/compact, which can weigh up to 6 metric tonnes; midi, which can weigh 610 metric tonnes; and standard/full-size, which can weigh 1090 metric tonnes.

Pile Driving

Piles are post-like foundations made of steel, concrete or timber. These are driven deep into the ground to serve as support for structures like buildings, bridges and piers. To do that, you’ll need a pile driver.

A pile driver uses a weight to drive piles into the ground. The weight is placed between guides so it can slide vertically. Using hydraulics, diesel, steam, or manual labour, the weight is raised above a pile. When it reaches the highest point, the weight is released and hits the pile, driving it into the ground.


For many construction jobs, or even for things like landscaping or pool digging, you need to drill into the ground.

Also called drilling rigs, drilling machines are used to basically create holes in the earth. They can be very large or small enough to be operated by one person. The large ones are used to drill water, oil and natural gas extraction wells. Both types of drilling machines create holes in the earth using an auger. Also called a drill bit, an auger is a rotating helical screw blade that creates the holes by rotating and moving the material out of them.

Digging Post Holes

Construction, landscaping and farming work can involve driving fence posts or poles into the ground.

A post hole digger is like a drilling machine but much smaller. It’s as big as a motorized lawn mower. It comes with or without a bucket. If it comes with a bucket, the bucket will be in the front while the auger will be at the back. If it doesn’t come with a bucket, the auger will be in the front and you’ll have to operate it standing at the back.

Surface Compression

To build a road or foundation, the surface needs to be compressed. It won’t be able to hold itself together against water and traffic otherwise.

Also called a roller-compactor or roller, a road roller has a big metal drum in the front so it can compact concrete, asphalt, gravel or soil in order to build roads and foundations. It can also be used in landfills and doing agriculture work.

Breaking Rocks or Concrete Structures

Demolition work involves breaking rocks or concrete structures. A hydraulic hammer is the piece of heavy equipment used to do it.

Also called a jackhammer, a hydraulic hammer is operated as an attachment to an excavator. It breaks rocks into smaller pieces by applying high pressure from its canister which stores pressurized hydraulic oil. It’s bigger and more powerful than hand-held jackhammers. The force it can deliver varies based on the force of its piston strokes and its size.